Human Resources are the group of individuals who specializes in forming, binding and maintaining the workforce of a firm, business sector or an industry. They play a vital part in any organization to get things done the right way. Therefore, it is imperative to setup an efficient human resource department because without it, businesses cannot carry out their day-to-day functions optimally.
An organization cannot build a great team of professionals without adequate human resources. Most of the small business owners do not have HR departments because they are the sole owner and operator of their business. The owners themselves take care of the hiring and firing of the employees and analyze the performance of each of the employees, and provide them with adequate benefits and compensations.
On the other hand, when we talk about large organizations, the HR department plays an important role in the success of the organization. What good would be a business without professionally trained employees who are ready to infuse their skills into the business? The main purpose of a HR department is to seek out individuals with potential and skills relevant to the business and motivate them to unleash their potential for the benefit of the organization.
Functions of a HR Department
The prominent functions of a Human Resource department include:
- Recruiting people
- Selection and Screening process
- Training new employees
- Performance appraisals
- Informing about the company policies on workplace safety
- Motivating employees
- Workplace communication
- Organizational hierarchy
The basic function that the HR department performs before hiring an employee is participating in a decision-making process, where it outlines the staffing needs, the personal qualities of an individual, his/her abilities and skills necessary to be an asset to the business. HR compensation specialists scrutinize and conduct right compensation measures according to the duties of the new employee.
Another important role of the HR Department is to reduce the potential liability to the firm after a new recruitment and maintaining the company atmosphere. Through an effective selection and screening process, HR manages to lower the allegations of unfair practices in employment. They identify and resolve workplace issues that are unattended and could spiral out of control. They help keep the company safe from legal issues that can hold on for long periods.
Maintaining workplace atmosphere is essential to create a positive environment for employees that come every day and perform their duties with honesty and professionalism. The HR department makes sure that compliance is at every level of the organization from top to bottom.
Employee compensation is an important part of the HR management. Employees tend to get de-motivated when they are compensated inadequately. This breaks the sense of trust and responsibility in the employee, and the business may suffer due to poor performance. Payroll of employees should be according to the quality of work they deliver and each employee is to be treated differently rather than compensating everyone on the same level.
Therefore, HR plays a crucial role in binding the whole business together physically and mentally. It recognizes the need for human resources and the quality of work expected, and delivers individuals that are confident and motivated.